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- Understanding Heidegger on Technology - The New Atlantis
- Being and Time
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Narrative and Embodiment — a Scalar Approach. The End of What? Phenomenology Vs. Speculative Realism. Taylor Carman, Heidegger's Analytic. Christian J. Onof - - Philosophy in Review 24 1 Carman, T. Rojcewicz - - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 35 1 Stroh - - Human Studies 38 2 Authenticity in Heidegger: A Response to Dreyfus.
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On Heidegger's Being and Time. Interpreting Heidegger on Das Man.
Hubert L. Simon Critchley - - Routledge. Denis McManus ed. Heidegger's Being and Time: An Introduction. Paul Gorner - - Cambridge University Press. Anthony D. Traylor - - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 88 3 But he did that because he thought that we can make human life better, we can actually make a difference in the real world.
That was lost with subsequent generations, where philosophy and literature became a bit of a game, a bit of play between different textual significances. I love that passion in existentialism, and particularly in Sartre. He cares about how you choose to live a human life. We always need that. He saw himself as more of a writer than a philosopher. His great passion as a child and young man was to write — and he went on to write in almost every genre except poetry.
He even wrote a few lyrics for songs. He was willing to explore ideas in whatever format worked. And the genres were often mixed.
With Nausea , the drama unfolds as a philosophical drama. But when you turn to Being and Nothingness — which is supposed to be a work of philosophy — you find that a lot of the ideas in it unfold as little stories, little narratives. All these little stories are ways of embodying and dramatizing the philosophy.
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There are so many vivid images, particularly images of horror — of people turning into these strange, hallucinogenic lobster-like creatures. It looks like the beginning of a love story or a murder scene — an adventure of some kind. He has a serious point to make, but he conveys it through a fictionalized moment. Your next book is different again. Viktor Frankl was a concentration camp survivor and a psychotherapist and psychologist.
In it, he tells the story of his experience and how you can maintain your inner freedom and your human identity in the face of a situation that is designed to completely destroy and demolish all human dignity.
He also writes about his experience after the end of the war, when he started to write about psychology and existentialist psychology, which he was one of the founders of. That was equally difficult, finding meaning in a world after all meaning has been destroyed, and all human dignity has been dismantled. Again, this reverses the usual way of understanding human existence.
We are not just sets of symptoms and conditions. We are thrown into a situation — which might be an absolutely unendurable, impossible situation — but we always have the freedom to make of it what we will, according to our own choices, to impose our own meaning on it. The difference is that there is more emphasis on the need for human beings to find a meaning and an individual purpose in what they do. And if all else fails — as it tended to in the concentration camps — and all the usual sources of meaning fall apart, there is always the chance of finding a meaning in the suffering itself.
Existentialism is often characterised as a rather morbid philosophy, dwelling on angst and anguish and the difficulty of making choices. Your next choice is The Existentialist Reader , which helps demonstrate the variety of things that go under the name existentialism. Why did you include this book?
This book is edited by Paul S.
Understanding Heidegger on Technology - The New Atlantis
Some are by fairly familiar authors — Sartre is in there, so is Camus. But he also includes key works by writers who are less the celebrity names, but who are very much worth reading and provide different directions to explore. Among the people he includes are Gabriel Marcel, who is a Christian existentialist philosopher, and who is very interesting. There is also a selection in there by Maurice Merleau-Ponty, again a fascinating figure. So the idea of including this book is that it provides lots of pointers, lots of lines you might follow if you want to explore less-well-known parts of existentialism.
Karl Jaspers is another one. So this is just a fantastic compilation of existentialist arrows that you might want to follow into different thinkers. Heidegger is so important, and so fascinating. Once you immerse yourself in Heidegger — and you do have to immerse yourself in order to understand him at all — you realize he is writing about things that are crucial in the twentieth and twenty-first century. He writes about technology, he writes about our relationship with the physical world and the way that the human being is embedded in the planet Earth. This is an extraordinary theme to derive a philosophy from, and he makes it crucial to his sense of what a human being is.
Get the weekly Five Books newsletter. The book is filled with great examples. Polt has a very good way of making Heidegger seem clear, which is not the first word that comes to mind if you go straight to Heidegger. I think it would be crazy to say we can separate out two things that are so close to each other. But that is not to say that Heidegger is not worth reading. So yes. Have you got any suggestions for how you can get through the thickets of his language?
In English you end up with a lot of hyphenated phrases. Having said that, yes, he does coin a lot of terms, and in reading Heidegger you have to grapple with them. In his view, the language — of human subjectivity, of human consciousness — embodies a tradition in philosophy since Plato that presupposes a separation from the world, from the Being that we find ourselves in.
It seems a bizarre thing to do. Why deliberately frustrate our desire to talk about human beings or human consciousness?
Being and Time
He does it precisely to break those habits, to break the connection that language seems to try to make, almost by itself, between human being and some sort of floating consciousness separated from the world. He wants to put the emphasis on Being, on Da sein. I keep changing my mind. I started out as a Heideggerian many years ago when I was studying philosophy at university. I started a PhD on Heidegger and I was enthralled by him at the time.
But a philosophical style which is common to both Montaigne and the existentialists is to approach life as human beings live it, and as individual human beings live it. Montaigne wrote about the human condition, not in the abstract, but through his own experiences of life, his own ways of doing things, and in different phases of his life, when he was young, when he was getting older.